in the area around Gaiole undoubtedly began in extremely ancient times, as attested by numerous place names of Etruscan and Latin origin as well as by archaeological evidence found at Cacchiano (remains of a 2nd- and 3rd-century cemetery) and at the San Marcellino parish church. The ancient settlements would seem to have been concentrated in the communities of
San Giusto in
Salcio, San Polo in Rosso
and Spaltenna, in the
mediaeval diocese of Fiesole, and San Vincenti at
Arezzo. All these parish churches have preserved their original floor plans as well as highly interesting traces of
Roman structures. Many of the parish chapels that are dependencies of
these churches are also noteworthy for the same reason. One of the most
beautiful abbeys in the area is the Badia
a Coltibuono, repository over centuries for a huge quantity of
historical documents related to the Chianti territory.
More about the Castles of Chianti.
Gaiole was always within the administrative orbit of Florence but at the start of the 19 C during the brief existence of the Kingdom of Etruria, Napoleon included it in the "Departement" of Sienna and it has remained there ever since, even after the unification of Italy and the formation of the present province of Florence.
Back to Gaiole in Chianti.
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